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9.4 Hekserij / Witchcraft

Almond, P. C.
Englands First Demonologist. Reginald Scot and The Discoverie of Witchcraft
'The fables of witchcraft have taken so fast hold and deepe root in the heart of man, that few or none can indure with patience the hand and correction of God.' Reginald Scot, whose words these are, published his remarkable book The Discoverie of Witchcraft in 1584. England's first major work of demonology, witchcraft and the occult, the book was unashamedly sceptical. It is said that so outraged was King James VI of Scotland by the disbelieving nature of Scot's work that, on James' accession to the English throne in 1603, he ordered every copy to be destroyed. Yet for all the anger directed at Scot, and his scorn for Stuart orthodoxy about wiches, the paradox was that his detailed account of sorcery helped strengthen the hold of European demonologies in England while also inspiring the distinctively English tradition of secular magic and conjuring. Scot's influence was considerable. Shakespeare drew on The Discoverie of Witchcraft for his depiction of the witches in Macbeth. So too did fellow-playwright Thomas Middleton in his tragi-comedy The Witch. Recognising Scot's central importance in the history of ideas, Philip C Almond places his subject in the febrile context of his age, examines the chief themes of his work and shows why his writings became a sourcebook for aspiring magicians and conjurors for several hundred years. England's First Demonologist makes a notable contribution to a fascinating but unjustly neglected topic in the study of Early Modern England and European intellectual history.
IB Tauris, 2011, geb, 246 pp, € 71.00, 9781848857933
Almond, Philip C.
The Lancashire Witches: A Chronicle of Sorcery and Death on Pendle Hill
In the febrile religious and political climate of late sixteenth-century England, when the grip of the Reformation was as yet fragile and insecure, and underground papism still perceived to be rife, Lancashire was felt by the Protestant authorities to be a sinister corner of superstition, lawlessness and popery. And it was around Pendle Hill, a sombre ridge that looms over the intersecting pastures, meadows and moorland of the Ribble Valley, that their suspicions took infamous shape. The arraignment of the Lancashire witches in the assizes of Lancaster during 1612 is England's most notorious witch-trial. The women who lived in the vicinity of Pendle, who were accused, convicted and hanged alongside the so-called 'Salmesbury Witches', were more than just wicked sorcerers whose malign incantations caused others harm. They were reputed to be part of a dense network of devilry and mischief that revealed itself as much in hidden celebration of the Mass as in malevolent magic. They had to be eliminated to set an example to others. In this remarkable and authoritative treatment, published to coincide with the 400th anniversary of the case of the Lancashire witches, Philip C Almond evokes all the fear, drama and paranoia of those volatile times: the bleak story of the storm over Pendle.
I.B.Tauris, 2012, geb, 209 pp, € 28.50, 9781780760629
Almond, Philip C.
The Witches of Warboys: An Extraordinary Story of Sorcery, Sadism and Satanic Possession in Elizabethan England
On a foggy November day in 1589, when one of the five daughters of Robert and Elizabeth Throckmorton suddenly fell sick, no one in the small English village of Warboys could have predicted the terrifying events that would follow. Or envisaged that four years later, in April 1593, the Throckmortons' neighbours Alice, Agnes and John Samuel, would be dragged before a country court on charges of sorcery, enchantment and murder. There is no more dramatic story in the annals of English witchcraft than that of the witches of Warboys. Yet, despite a rich and colourful cast of characters, and a potent mixture of tension and pathos to match anything in the later Salem witch trials, it has never before been told in full. At one level, the story of Warboys features a conflict about honour and truth between two families in a close-knit Elizabethan village. At another level, the tale concerns a wider struggle between local gentry and yeomanry. But at the heart of the narrative coils a dark account of possession by demons, of malevolent spirits, of trust broken and of children accursed. What really happened in Warboys in the late sixteenth century, to drive this unremarkable rural community into such frenzy? Philip Almond leads us into a half-forgotten world of horror and crime, of victims and victimisers, of spectres, sex with the devil and 'scratching' the witch: a macabre and dangerous world where nothing is as it seems, where evil begets evil, and where innocence is betrayed.
I. B. Tauris, 2008, geb, 264 pp, € 27.00, 9781845115081
Bado-Fralick, N.
Coming to the Edge of the Circle: A Wiccan Initiation Ritual
by order / te bestellen
American Academy of Religion Academy Series, Oxford UP, 2005, geb, 181 pp, € 36.50, 0195166450
Bado, Nikki
Coming to the Edge of the Circle: A Wiccan Initiation Ritual
Imagine yourself sitting on the cool damp earth, surrounded by deep night sky and fields full of fireflies, anticipating the ritual of initiation that you are about to undergo. Suddenly you hear the sounds of far-off singing and chanting, drums booming, rattles "snaking," voices raised in harmony. The casting of the Circle is complete. You are led to the edge of the Circle, where Death, your challenge, is waiting for you. With the passwords of "perfect love" and "perfect trust" you enter Death's realm. The Guardians of the four quarters purify you, and you are finally reborn into the Circle as a newly made Witch. Coming to the Edge of the Circle offers an ethnographic study of the initiation ritual practiced by one coven of Witches located in Ohio. As a High Priestess within the coven as well as a scholar of religion, Nikki Bado is in a unique position to contribute to our understanding of this ceremony and the tradition to which it belongs. Bado's analysis of this coven's initiation ceremony offers an important challenge to the commonly accepted model of "rites of passage." Rather than a single linear event, initiation is deeply embedded within a total process of becoming a Witch in practice and in community with others. Coming to the Edge of the Circle expands our concept of initiation while giving us insight into one coven's practice of Wicca. An important addition to Ritual Studies, it also introduces readers to the contemporary nature religion variously called Wicca, Witchcraft, the Old Religion, or the Craft.
American Academy of Religion Series, Oxford UP, 2013, pap, 181 pp, € 21.95, 9780199812257
Bailey, M. D.
The A to Z of Witchcraft
A to Z Guide, Scarecrow Press, 2009, pap, 199 pp, € 36.50, 9780810868649
Bange, P.
Heksen. Sprookjes en werkelijkheid
Miniaturenreeks, Bekking en Blitz, 2010, geb, 143 pp, € 9.90, 9789061090748
Beck, R.
Mauselmacher oder die Imagination des Bosen. Ein Hexenprozess 1715-1723
Von 1715 bis 1723 fand in der Bischofsstadt Freising einer der letzten deutschen Hexenprozesse statt. Bettelnde Kinder waren in den Verdacht geraten, Mäuse gezaubert zu haben. Wie ihre Vernehmung und eine langwierige Untersuchung ergaben, sollen sie Gott abgeschworen und sich dem Bösen verschrieben haben. Die meisten von ihnen wurden exekutiert.
In ihrem Ringen ums Überleben berichten die Vernommenen von seltsamen dämonischen Erlebnissen und Taten. Wie in einem Vexierspiel vermengen ihre Geständnisse Realität und Imagination zu einer irritierenden Wirklichkeit. Doch dieser undurchsichtige Entwurf läßt sich entwirren und in seiner Doppelbödigkeit zeigen. Was Hexerei war oder bedeutete, erscheint somit in einem veränderten Licht, sobald man die Geständnisse angeblicher Hexen oder Hexer einer sorgfältigen Analyse unterzieht.
Rainer Beck, der durch seine klassische Studie über Unterfinning bekannt geworden ist, führt die Leser in diesem Buch Schritt für Schritt in bizarre Vorstellungswelten der Vormoderne ein und legt am Beispiel des Freisinger Hexenprozesses eine Kulturgeschichte der konfessionellen Gesellschaft am Vorabend der Aufklärung vor.
Beck, 2011, geb, 1008 pp, € 57.50, 9783406621871
Behringer, Wolfgang (Hrsg.)
Hexen und Hexenprozesse in Deutschland
Magie, Hexerei, Schadenzauber - Begriffe fur ein neues Feindbild der christlichen Gesellschaft des Mittelalters. Verfolgungen setzten ein, in Deutschland spater als im ubrigen Europa, dafur aber intensiver und bis weit in die Neuzeit hinein.

Besonders Frauen waren es, die man der Zauberei und des Umgangs mit dem Teufel verdachtigte und grausam verbrannte. Allerdings gab es auch immer kritische Stimmen, die die Existenz von Hexen grundsatzlich bezweifelten oder der Verfolgung aus humanitaren Grunden entgegentraten. Alle Beteiligten - Verfolger, Gegner, Verfolgte -kommen in den hier gesammelten Dokumenten zu Wort: in Gerichtsakten, Verhorprotokollen, Predigten, Streitschriften, Zeitungen, wissenschaftlichen, literarischen und volkstumlichen Texten. So entsteht ein plastisches Bild eines umstrittenen und dusteren Kapitels der Geschichte.

dtv Taschenbucher. Bd.30781, DTV, 2010, pap, 524 pp, € 17.50, 9783423307819
Decker, R.
Witchcraft and the Papacy. An Account Drawing on the Formerly Secret Records of the Roman Inquisition
Studies in Early German History, Virginia UP, 2008, geb, 262 pp, € 49.95, 9780813927473
Demos, J.
Entertaining Satan: Witchcraft and the Culture of Early New England
Oxford UP, 2004, updated edition, pap, 543 pp, € 22.50, 0195174836
Gagnon, Mireille
La Wicca au Quebec. Portrait dúne religion de sorcellerie contemporaine
Prijs onder voorbehoud.
Edwin Mellen Press, 2008, geb, 172 pp, € 80.00, 9780773451124
Gaskill, M.
Witchcraft. A Very Short Introduction
Very Short Introductions Series, Oxford UP, 2010, pap, 146 pp, € 11.90, 9780199236954
Geschiere, Peter
Witchcraft, Intimacy, and Trust. Africa in Comparison
In Dante's Inferno, the lowest circle of Hell is reserved for traitors, those who betrayed their closest companions. In a wide range of literatures and mythologies such intimate aggression is a source of ultimate terror, and in Witchcraft, Intimacy, and Trust, Peter Geschiere masterfully sketches it as a central ember at the core of human relationships, one brutally revealed in the practice of witchcraft. Examining witchcraft in its variety of forms throughout the globe, he shows how this often misunderstood practice is deeply structured by intimacy and the powers it affords. In doing so, he offers not only a comprehensive look at contemporary witchcraft but also a fresh - if troubling - new way to think about intimacy itself.

Geschiere begins in the forests of southeast Cameroon with the Maka, who fear 'witchcraft of the house' above all else. Drawing a variety of local conceptions of intimacy into a global arc, he tracks notions of the home and family - and witchcraft's transgression of them - throughout Africa, Europe, Brazil, and Oceania, showing that witchcraft provides powerful ways of addressing issues that are crucial to social relationships. Indeed, by uncovering the link between intimacy and witchcraft in so many parts of the world, he paints a provocative picture of human sociality that scrutinizes some of the most prevalent views held by contemporary social science.

One of the few books to situate witchcraft in a global context, Witchcraft, Intimacy, and Trust is at once a theoretical tour de force and an empirically rich and lucid take on a difficult-to-understand spiritual practice and the private spaces throughout the world it so greatly affects.

University of Chicago Press, 2013, pap, 293 pp, € 24.00, 9780226047614
Gibson, M.
Early Modern Witches. Witchcraft Cases in Contemporary Writing
This collection of pamphlets describes fifteen English witchcraft cases in detail, vividly recreating events to give the reader the illusion of actually being present at witchcraft accusations, trials and hangings. But how much are we victims of literary manipulation by the these texts? The pamphlets' are presented in annotated format, to allow the reader to decide. Some of the texts appear in print for the first time in three centuries, whilst others are newly edited to give a clearer picture of sources.
Routledge, 2000, pap, 338 pp, € 34.95, 9780415215800
Gibson, M.
Witchcraft Myths in American Culture
Routledge, 2007, pap, 288 pp, € 27.50, 9780415979771
Godbeer, R.
Escaping Salem: The Other Witch Hunt of 1692
Few events in American history are as well remembered as the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. But there was another witch hunt that year, in Stamford, Connecticut, that has never been examined in depth. Now Richard Godbeer describes this "other witch hunt" in a concise, fascinating narrative that illuminates the colonial world and shatters the stereotype of early New Englanders as quick to accuse and condemn. That stereotype originates with Salem, which was in many ways unlike other outbreaks of witch-hunting in the region. Drawing on eye-witness testimony, Godbeer tells the story of Kate Branch, a seventeen-year-old afflicted by strange visions and given to blood-chilling wails of pain and fright. Branch accused several women of bewitching her, two of whom were put on trial for witchcraft. The book takes us inside the courtroom--and inside the minds of the surprisingly skeptical Stamford townfolk. Was the pain and screaming due to natural causes, or to supernatural causes? Was Branch simply faking the symptoms? And if she was telling the truth, why believe the demonic sources of the information, who might well be lying? For the judges, Godbeer shows, the trial was a legal thicket. All agreed that witches posed a real and serious threat, but proving witchcraft (an invisible crime) in court was another matter. The court in Salem had become mired in controversy over its use of dubious evidence. In an intriguing passage, Godbeer examines Magistrate Jonathan Selleck's notes on how to determine the guilt of someone accused of witchcraft--an illuminating look at what constituted proof of witchcraft at the time.
New Narratives in American History, Oxford UP, 2005, pap, 177 pp, € 18.95, 9780195161304
Guiley, R.E.
The Encyclopedia of Witches, Witchcraft & Wicca, third edition
Checkmark Books, 2008, pap, 436 pp, € 29.50, 9780816071043
Institorus, Henricus
De Heksenhamer - Malleus Maleficarum
Toen paus Innocentius VIII er door Henricus Institoris op attent werd gemaakt dat de door hem in Duitsland aangestelde inquisiteurs alleen maar tegenstand bij heksenvervolgingen ondervonden van zowel wereldlijke als kerkelijke gezagdragers, vaardigde hij op 5 december 1484 de bul Summis desiderantes affectibus (Omdat we ten zeerste verlangen) uit. Hierin verordende hij dat aan inquisiteurs onvoorwaardelijke steun moest worden verleend in hun strijd tegen heksen. Institoris ondervond echter weinig steun van deze enigszins vage bul en in een heksenproces te Innsbruck in 1485 leed hij een pijnlijke nederlaag. Om alsnog zijn gelijk te halen, zette hij zich aan het schrijven van De Heksenhamer, een van de beruchtste en schandelijkste werken die ooit het daglicht zagen. Om het werk gezag te verlenen voerde hij de gezaghebbende dominicaan Jacobus Sprenger, zijn aartsvijand, als co-auteur op. Het is echter nagenoeg uitgesloten dat Sprenger iets met het werk te maken had; hij had veel te veel andere besognes.

De Heksenhamer is een met satanisch cynisme geschreven handleiding voor inquisiteurs en wereldlijke rechters om heksen genadeloos te vervolgen en ter dood te brengen. Tussen 1486 en 1669 verschenen niet minder dan vierendertig drukken van dit verschrikkelijke boek dat naar bescheiden schattingen 60.000 mensen naar de brandstapel verwees. Opmerkelijk is dat ook de protestanten de roomse Heksenhamer als leidraad bij hun niet minder wrede heksenvervolgingen gebruikten.

De Heksenhamer is een schoolvoorbeeld van de manier waarop zieke breinen een bevolkingsgroep tot zondebok kunnen maken en een vergelijking met het eveneens op niets gefundeerde antisemitisme van de nazi's en de communistenjacht van Joe McCarthy ligt voor de hand. De Heksenhamer is een sociaal-cultureel fenomeen waarvan het brede publiek nu door deze eerste Nederlandse vertaling kennis kan nemen.

IJzer, 2011, pap, 472 pp, € 37.50, 9789086840694
Institorus, Henricus, C.S. Mackay (ed & transl.)
Malleus Maleficarum 2 Volume Set (Vol 1: Latin Text, Vol 2: English Translation)
Cambridge UP, 2006, geb, 720 pp, € 215.00, 9780521859776
Institorus, Henricus, C.S. Mackay (ed & transl.)
The Hammer of Witches. A Complete Translation of Malleus Malleficarum
Cambridge UP, 2009, pap, 657 pp, € 28.95, 9780521747875
Institorus, Henricus,, P.G. Maxwell-Stuart (ed.& transl.)
The Malleus Maleficarum
Selected, translated and annotated by P.G. Maxwell-Stuart
Manchester UP, 2007, pap, 266 pp, € 26.95, 9780719064432
Johnson, H. E., P. Aloi (eds)
The New Generation Witches. Teenage Witchcraft in Contemporary Culture
From the shelves of mainstream bookstores and the pages of teen magazines, to popular films and television series, contemporary culture at the turn of the 21st century has been fascinated with teenage identity and the presence of magic and the occult. Alongside this profusion of products and representations, a global network of teenage Witches has emerged on the margins of adult Neo-Pagan Witchcraft communities, identifying themselves through various spiritual practices, consumption patterns and lifestyle choices. "New Generation Witches" is the first published anthology to investigate the recent rise of the teenage Witchcraft phenomenon in both Britain and North America. Scholars from Theology, Cultural Studies, Sociology, History and Media Studies, along with Neo-Pagan commentators outside of the academy, come together to investigate the experiences of thousands of adolescents constructing an enabling, magical identity through a distinctive practice of Witchcraft. The contributors discuss key areas of interest, inspiration and development within the teen Witch communities from the mid 1990s onward, including teenage Witches' magical practices and beliefs, gender politics, the formation and identification of communities, forums and modes of expression, media representation and new media outlets. Demonstrating the diversification and expansion of Neo-Paganism in the 21st Century, this anthology makes an exciting contribution to the field of Neo-Pagan Studies and contemporary youth cultures, van euro 58.50
Ashgate, 2007, geb, € 58.50, 9780754657842
Johnston, H. E. & P. Aloi (eds.)
The New Generation Witches. Teenage Witchcraft in Contemporary Cultures
Controversial New Religions, Ashgate, 2007, geb, 188 pp, € 69.50, 9780754657842
Klassen, C.
Storied Selves: Shaping Identity in Feminist Witchcraft
Lexington, 2008, geb, 139 pp, € 52.95, 9780739123157
Levack, B.P.
Witch-hunting in Scotland: Law, Politics and Religion
Routledge, 2007, pap, 216 pp, € 31.50, 9780415399432
McGinn, B.
The Antichrist. Two Thousand Years of the Human Fascination with Evil
Columbia UP, 2000, pap, 369 pp, € 24.90, 0231119771
Midelfort, H.C.E.
Exorcism and Enlightenment. Johann Joseph Gassner and the Demons of Eighteenth-Century Germany
Yale UP, 2005, geb, 219 pp, € 39.90, 0300106696
Miller, N.N.
Encounters with Witchcraft. Field Notes from Africa
Encounters with Witchcraft is a personal story of a young man's fascination with African witchcraft discovered first in a trek across East Africa and the Congo. The story unfolds over four decades during the author's long residence in and many trips to Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. As a field researcher he learns from villagers what it is like to live with witches, and how witches are seen through African eyes. His teachers are healers, cult leaders, witch-hunters and self-proclaimed 'witches' as well as policemen, politicians and judges.

A key figure is Mohammadi Lupanda, a frail village woman whose only child has died years before. In her dreams, however, she believes the little girl is not dead, but only lost in the fields. Mohammadi is discovered wandering at night, wailing and calling out for the child. Her neighbors are terror-stricken and she is quickly brought to a village trial and banished as a witch. The author is able to watch and listen to the proceedings and later investigate the deeper story. He discovers mysteries about Mohammadi that are only solved when he returns to the village three decades later.

Today, witch-hunting and witchcraft-related crimes are found in more than seventy developing countries. Epidemics of violence against alleged witches, mainly women, but including elders of both genders, and even children is on the increase in some parts of the world. Witchcraft beliefs may lie behind vigilante murders, political assassinations, revenge killings and commercial murders for human body parts.

Through African voices the author addresses key questions. Do witchcraft powers exist? Why does witchcraft persist? What are its historic roots? Why is witchcraft-based violence so often found within families? Does witchcraft serve as a hidden legal and political system, a mafia-like under-government? The author holds up a mirror for us to think about religious beliefs in our own experience that rely heavily on myth and superstition.

State University of New York Press, 2012, pap, 232 pp, € 26.50, 9781438443584
Oldridge, D. (ed.)
The Witchcraft Reader: Second Edition
By Order
Routledge, 2008, pap, 408 pp, € 33.75, 9780415415651
Reiti, B.
Making Witches: Newfoundland Traditions of Spells and Counterspells
MQUP, 2008, geb, 185 pp, € 28.50, 9780773533608
Rosenthal, B. (ed.)
Records of the Salem Witch Hunt
Cambridge UP, 2009, geb, 996 pp, € 112.00, 9780521661669
Scot, R.
The Discovery of Witchcraft
Prijs onder voorbehoud. By order.
Dover Publ., 1990, pap, 283 pp, € 24.90, 9780486260303
Stewart, P. J. & A. Strathern
Witchcraft, Sorcery, Rumors, and Gossip
New Departures in Anthropology Series, Cambridge UP, 2004, pap, 228 pp, € 26.75, 052100473x
Urban, H.B.
Magia Sexualis. Sex, magic, and liberation in modern western esotericism
Sexuality and the occult arts have long been associated in the western imagination, but it was not until the nineteenth century that a large and sophisticated body of literature on sexual magic - the use of sex as a source of magical power - emerged. This book, the first history of western sexual magic as a modern spiritual tradition, places these practices in the context of the larger discourse surrounding sexuality in American and European society over the last 150 years to discover how sexual magic was transformed from a terrifying medieval nightmare of heresy and social subversion into a modern ideal of personal empowerment and social liberation. Focusing on a series of key figures including American spiritualist Paschal Beverly Randolph, Aleister Crowley, Julius Evola, Gerald Gardner, and Anton LaVey, Hugh Urban traces the emergence of sexual magic out of older western esoteric traditions including Gnosticism and Kabbalah, which were progressively fused with recently-discovered eastern traditions such as Hindu and Buddhist Tantra. His study gives remarkable new insight into sexuality in the modern era, specifically on issues such as the politics of birth control, the classification of sexual 'deviance', debates over homosexuality and feminism, and the role of sexuality in our own new world of post-modern spirituality, consumer capitalism, and the Internet.
California UP, 2006, geb, 335 pp, € 58.50, 9780520247765
Vervoort, R
Vrouwen op den besem en derghelijck ghespoock - Pieter Breugel en de traditie van hekserijvoorstellingen in de Nederlanden tussen 1450 en 1700
Nijmeegse Kunsthistorische Studies 19, Stichting Nijmeegse Kunsthistorische Studies, 2011, geb, 315 pp, € 39.95, 9789491226021
Wickwar, John William
Witchcraft and the Black Art
Wickwar brings commonsense and rational thought to a subject which is often unnecessarily sensationalized. He ventures to a degree into the psycho-analytical sphere, but only inasmuch as to provide explanations for why people acted as they did. This is combined with excellent historical records and a simple, clean and readable journey through the subject from ancient through the ages. Much is gruesome and truly horrible, but at no time does he attempt to be salacious. The book is a thoroughly good read and provides a good foundation for any general reader interested in the subject. As to whether or not there is any un-explained validity to the black art, he wisely does not enter into the debate and it seems his views are that it is all nonsense. The one area where he might have elaborated more on is the matter of whether or not many of those accused truly believed in what they were doing? Wickwar attempted, and succeeded, in producing a rational text without being over dramatic. He was one of the first to write clearly and unemotionally on a subject which continued to hold some excitement, and possibly some on-going belief. His approach was analytical and scientific, but the result of his work is not a hard-to-read jargon ridden tome, but instead is an easily readable text written in a clear and matter-of-fact manner.
Fonthill Media, 2012, pap, 159 pp, € 21.95, 9781781550106
Yeates, S.
A Dreaming for the Witches. A Recreation of the Dobunni Primal Myth
Oxbow Books, 2009, pap, € 27.50, 9781842173589
Yeates, S.
A Tribe of Witches. The Religion of the Dobunni and Hwicce
Oxbow Books, 2008, pap, € 27.50, 9781842173190
Zika, C.
The Appearance of Witchcraft. Print and Visual Culture in Sixteenth-Century Europe
Routledge, 2008/2010, pap, 320 pp, € 28.50, 9780415563550
Zika, C.
The Appearance of Witchcraft. Print and Visual Culture in Sixteenth-Century Europe
Routledge, 2007, geb, 296 pp, € 116.00, 9780415082426